Tiji is an annual festival celebrates in Upper Mustang at Lo-Manthang according to the Tibetan rituals. Tiji “Tenpa Chirim” is the short version of the prayer for the World Peace. It celebrates for 3 days in the months of May.
It commemorates the victory of Lord Buddha’s incarnation Dorjee Sonnu over a demon called Man Tam Ru a cruel creature feeding on human beings and causing storms and droughts.
Upper Mustang Tiji Festival Trekking is one of the good trekking in Nepal. Tiji festival is a very important spiritual festival, which is celebrated in Lo-Manthang organized by the monks of the “Choedhe” monastery and perform ritual dances during the celebration.
The Tiji Festival features a three-day ritual known as the 'chasing of demons'. The festival is to coincide with the end of the dry season (late winter/spring).
On the 1st day, the monks perform a dance called ‘Tsa Chaam’ which says the tale of the birth of ‘Dorji Sonam’- a reincarnated Buddha to a demon. This demon harassed the kingdom of Mustang and brought in havoc to the country. You can witness the monks enacting the harassment of the said demon on the people of Mustang.
On the 2nd day, the monks perform ‘NgaCham’. During this performance, Dorjee Sonam tries to return the demon to the Buddha realm.
On the 3rd and final day of the festival, the ‘Rha Chham’ dance takes place. In this ceremony, Dorjee Sonam triumphs over the evil demon and banishes him from Mustang.
The monk who plays the role of Dorjee Sonam does this by throwing an effigy. This effigy made from Tsampa (barley) represents the demon ‘Ma Tam Ru Ta’.
Destination: Mustang, Nepal
Trip Routes: Kathmandu - Pokhara - Kagbeni; Jomsom - Chele - Syangboche - Ghami - Charanag - Lo-Manthang - Tiji Festival - Dhakmar; Ghar Ghompa - Somar - Kagbeni - Jomsom - Pokhara - Kathmandu
Activities: Trekking and Sightseeing
Season: May to August
It is always a good idea to involve yourself in doing physical exercises before trekking. Not that you have to be all athletic and muscular to trek. An average level of physical fitness will make the journey less stressful.
Availability of drinking water is not the problem. The problem is the cost of it at higher altitude. As you gain height, the price of water rises up to 2-3$ per liter.An alternative way of getting drinking water is by having your water bottles filled in tea houses. Tea houses will provide you boiled water for about 1$ per liter. They are completely safe for drinking.
Food is not of any concern while trekking. You will get all kinds of cuisines. For breakfast, tea houses will provide you with eggs cooked in your preferred style along with pan cakes, bread butter, roti, and so on.Various other dishes like pizza, pasta, momo, chowmein and many more are also available. The most preferred dish is Dal Bhaat. It is a typical Nepali meal. Rice is served with vegetable curry, lentils, tomato chutney and meat curry.
Trekking is an extreme sport and does come with a lot of risks. Some unavoidable risks are avalanche, heavy rainfall, earthquake, landslide and other such natural calamities.You might fall and injure yourself or catch some viral flue. The deadliest risk of trekking is AMS or Acute Mountain Sickness. This sickness occurs when a great altitude is gained and the body fails to adjust to the changing pressures associated with it. Anyone can fall a victim of the sickness and if not treated in time, it can be fatal.
There is no such hard and fast rule that you must have one. But it is highly advisable to travel with them. Some of the treks cannot be trekked without a guide most of them are the restricted ones.